Börge Göbel, PhD.
Magnetic whirls in spintronics.

About me Publications

About me

Hi, my name is Börge and I am a postdoc in the group of Prof. Ingrid Mertig in Halle, Germany. I am a theoretical physicist working in the field of condensed matter physics with a special focus on magnetic systems. For the last four years, I have been working on skyrmions and related magnetic whirls. I found several alternative magnetic quasiparticles whose utility goes beyond that of conventional magnetic skyrmions, as will be presented below. If you want to get in contact, please feel free to write me an email

Research topics

  • Stability of magnetic textures
  • Their current-driven motion
  • Hall effects (OHE, AHE, THE)
  • Spintronic devices
  • Spin-orbitronics
  • Spin-charge interconversion
  • Magnetoelectricity
  • Topological matter
  • Mn3X, Heuslers, 2Degs


  • Analytical models
  • Tight-binding models
  • Topological invariants
  • Berry theory
  • Micromagnetic simulations
  • Thiele equation
  • Monte-Carlo simulations
  • Landauer-Büttiker simulations


  • Jan 2020: PhD Summa cum laude
  • (MPI Halle, Ingrid Mertig)
  • Sep 2016: M. Sc. Physics
  • (MLU Halle, Ingrid Mertig)
  • Sep 2014: B. Sc. Physics
  • (MLU Halle, Jamal Berakdar)


  • Organization of group seminar
  • Supervizing PhD, Ma & Ba students
  • Former student speaker IMPRS Halle
  • Enjoying collaborations
  • Invited talks (e.g. at MMM, JEMS)

Magnetic skyrmions


A magnetic skyrmion consists of non-collinear magnetic moments: the colored arrows in the figure above. It is topologically non-trivial, since it cannot be continuously transformed into a ferromagnetic state. This property, characterized by its integer topological charge Q = 1, gives it an enourmous stability which appears to be favorable for data storage applications. In fact, skyrmions can be generated, deleted, driven by currents and read by their unique Hall signature. Therefore, they can be considered the carriers of information in racetrack storage devices where the presence and absence of a skyrmion at predefined positions in a magnetic stripe corresponds to bits of 0 and 1.

Topological Hall effect Skyrmion Hall effect

Beyond skyrmions

My main research focus is on circumventing the short-comings of conventional magnetic skyrmions:

Both problems are critical as they will lead to a malfunction of the data storage due to a loss or change of information.
(1) The transverse motion, identified as the skyrmion Hall effect, can be surpressed by using alternative magnetic objects. This includes objects with a vanishing topological charge, like the antiferromagnetic (AFM) skyrmion, but also objects with a broken rotational symmetry, like bimerons or antiskyrmions.
(2) To nullify the detrimental effect of irregular distances between the bits, one could represent the bits by two topologically distinct objects. We have shown that this is possible due to the coexistence of skyrmions and antiskyrmions in Heusler materials.



No skyrmion Hall
Pure topological Hall


No skyrmion Hall
Topological Hall
Antiferromagnetic skyrmion

AFM skyrmion

No skyrmion Hall
Topological spin Hall


Highlights & Collaborations

Review Paper

with Oleg Tretiakov


In this review paper, we present recent trends in the field of topological spin textures that go beyond skyrmions. The majority of these objects can be considered a combination of multiple subparticles, the skyrmion analogues in different magnetic surroundings or three-dimensional generalizations. We classify the alternative magnetic quasiparticles and present the most relevant and auspicious advantages of this emerging field.

Physics Reports (2021)


with Stuart Parkin's group


In this colaboration with experimentalists, we show that Heusler materials give rise to antiskyrmions but also to elliptically deformed skyrmions. While the antiskyrmions are stabilized by the anisotropic DMI, the skyrmions are stabilized by the dipole-dipole interaction. The observed coexistence of two topologically distinct nano-objects allows to suggest an advanced version of a racetrack storage device.

Nature Communications (2020)
Science Advances (2020)

Topological 2degs

with Manuel Bibes' group & others


In this experimental cooperation we present the formation of a two-dimensional electron gas at the interface of STO and Al. As shown by the tight-binding fit of the measured band structure, the system exhibits an avoided crossing leading to topological properties. Our fit, as well as the calculations of the Edelstein effect allow to qualitatively explain the enormously large spin-charge interconversion that was measured experimentally.

Nature Materials (2019)


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